The intricate and fast lifestyle has given rise to many new diseases, which the doctors with a sole MBBS degree find difficult to deal with. It is here that the need of specialization arises, in various branches of medicine. The various areas of specialization include general medicine, general surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Paediatrics, cardiology, Anesthesiology, etc. The other systems of medicine other than allopath are Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc. It also includes dentistry and veterinary science.
Courses in medical science are offered at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate levels. At the undergraduate level, an MBBS degree is awarded in allopathic system of medical science, whereas in Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and Unani System of Medical science, BAMS, BHMS and BUMS degree are awarded, respectively. A BDS degree is awarded at the undergraduate level in dental science. For veterinary science, B. Sc degree is awarded.
For pursuing any of the above mentioned courses, one has to pass the intermediate exam with physics, chemistry and biology as compulsory subjects, from a recognized Board. For pursuing Master’s degree, Bachelor’s degree is required and for doctoral programme, one has to be a postgraduate in the field of medical science. The admission procedure for the above mentioned courses is very strict, as one has to go through highly competitive entrance exam held at state or national levels. Medical students are comprehensively taught about the various fields of medical science, through theoretical and practical knowledge. Moreover, MBBS undergraduates are assigned compulsory internship at the end of the curriculum, when they have to work as doctors in medical colleges.
The profession of a doctor is very demanding and also, very rewarding. With the unfortunate upsurge of many new diseases, the requirement of doctors has increased manifold. They could not just find employment in the government or private hospitals, but also find employment in research institutes and medical colleges, as researchers. They could also do private practice or work in nursing homes, clinics or health care centers.
Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
Some of the reputed medical institutes in India include All India Institute of Medical Sciences (A.I.I.M.S.), New Delhi, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (J.I.P.M.E.R.), Puducherry, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore (Karnataka), A.L. (Anathalakshmi) Government Ayurvedic College, Warangal (Andhra Pradesh), Aligarh Unani and Ayurvedic Medical College, Aligarh, Annasaheb Dange Ayurvedic Medical College, Sangli (Maharashtra), A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore (Karnataka), Army College OF Dental Science (Andhra Pradesh), Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai, Sri Sai Ram Medical College, West Tambaram (Tamil Nadu) and many more.
Doctors are well paid both in government and private hospitals. The entry level salary of doctors may vary from Rs 10,000 – Rs 15,000 per month. However, the remuneration of doctors also depends upon their experience and popularity. Dentists earn around Rs 8 – Rs 10, 000 at the entry level, which increases with experience.