Biotechnology offers wide career opportunities in agriculture and allied industries, pharmaceuticals companies, food processing industries, research laboratories and academic institutions.

Careers in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a recent development in the field of science and technology. Biotechnology as the name suggests is the combination of Biology and Technology and is an applied science. It is concerned with variety of subjects including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry and Engineering. Biotechnology has wide areas of application in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, development of Medicines and Vaccine, treatment of prolonged disease, pollution control and waste management and ecological conservation, energy production and conservation and many more. Because of such utilities Bio-Tech is a preferred career option among youngster.

Course Details
There are several under-graduates courses like B.Sc., B.E. and B. Tech. and post-graduate courses like M.Sc, M. Tech in biotechnology available in India. For B.Sc., B.E. and B. Tech. courses minimum qualification is 10+2 with science. Selection into these courses is made through entrance exam conducted by the concerned universities. JEE is conducted by IITs for admission into B.E. and B.Tech. courses. There are separate entrance exams in national and state level. For Post-Graduates courses all sciences, engineering, technology and medicine graduates are eligible. The selection to these courses is also done through entrance exam conducted by the concerned institutions. At Post graduate level there are specialization in the field of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Veterinary, Marine and Bio- Medicine. There are also advanced courses such PhD. and Post-Doctoral Research in Biotechnology.

Career Prospects
Multiple career options are waiting for biotechnology professionals. They can be employed in pharmaceutical companies, chemical, agriculture and allied industries. Research laboratories whether run by government or corporate sector are the preferred place for many bio-technologists. There they work as research scientists or assistants. There are also many employment opportunities for bio-technologists in government and private sector collages and universities. In private sector they many find employment in company such as pharmaceutical farms, food processing industries, aquaculture and agro based industries. They can also be hired as environmental specialist by various government agencies and private institutions. Biotechnologists also have the option to join media houses as Science writer.

Top Colleges Offering UG/PG/Other Courses
Several technical institutes and universities offer B.Sc/M.Sc/B.E/B.Tech/M.Tech courses in India. Some important among them are given below. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee and Mumbai; Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi; All India Institutes of Medical Science, New Delhi; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh; Birla Institute Of Technology & Science, Pilani, (Rajasthan); Anna University, Chennai; Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad; University Of Calcutta, Kolkata; University of Lucknow, Lucknow; Andhra University, Visakhapatnam; Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar; University of Madras, Chennai; Rai University, Raipur; Jadavpur University, Kolkata and Patna University, Patna.

Biotechnology is a highly remunerative career option. Biotechnologists employed in public sector industries and research institutes have pay packages according to the norms fixed by government. Those working in private sector corporate houses and industries have much lucrative remuneration. Fresh IITians may get Rs. 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month. Bio tech degree holder of other institutions may get Rs. 10,000 to Rs 12,000 per month. Those employed in teaching have better pay packages which are even very lucrative in private collages and institutions.

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