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Vocational Education in India

Vocational educational in India aims to develop skilled manpower through diversified courses to meet the requirements of mainly the unorganised sector and to instill self-employment skills in people through a large number of self employment oriented courses. Vocational education is imparted through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and polytechnics.

One of the weaknesses of Indian education system is that it does not gives due importance to vocational education. As a result there is a mismatch between the skilled manpower required and skilled manpower available. Every year we churn out millions of graduates who do not have the specific skill sets required by the market. If this trend continues it would hurt our economic growth in the long run. To change this situation first we need to change our mindset. In India, people are obsessed with attaining a graduation degree and generally look down upon vocational education. This has resulted in a situation where on the one hand there are scores of unemployed graduates and on the other hand there is a huge shortage of skilled workers such as plumbers, electricians etc.

To rectify this situation vocational training programs in India need to be promoted in a big way.

Vocational training courses include:
  • Typewriting
  • Stenography
  • Secretarial Practices
  • Computer Operator & Programme Assistant
  • Architectural Draughtsmanship
  • Desk Top Publishing
  • Electrical Technician
  • Electronics (Radio/TV/Tape Recorder Mechanic)
  • Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
  • Plumbing
  • Library Assistant
  • Cutting/Tailoring & Dress Making
  • Hair & Skin Care
  • Fruit & Vegetable Preservation Programs


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